Raymond Robertson is the Roy and Helen Ryu Professor of Economics and Government at
the Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University. His
research focuses on the union of international, labor, and development economics. He has
published in the American Economic Review, the Review of Economics and Statistics, the
Journal of International Economics, Review of International Economics, the Journal of
Development Economics, and others. He serves on the advisory board at the Center for
Global Development and was a member of the U.S. State Department's Advisory
Committee on International Economic Policy (ACIEP). He is currently the chair of the US
Department of Labor's National Advisory Committee on Labor Provisions of Free Trade
Agreement (NAC). His current work focuses on the effects of the ILO's Better Work
program in Cambodia and other countries, as well as other issues relating to the effects
of globalization on workers. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Texas after
spending a year in Mexico as a Fulbright Scholar. 

EDUCATION: B.A., Trinity University M.S., Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin 

Journal Articles


Is Mexico a Lumpy Country? (with Andrew B. Bernard and Peter Schott), Review of International Economics (2010)


Purchasing Power Parity and Aggregation Bias for a Developing Country: The Case of Mexico (with Anil Kumar and Donald H. Dutkowsky), Journal of Development Economics (2009)


Gravity, Bilateral Agreements, and Trade Diversion in the Americas (with Antoni Estevadeordal), Cuadernos de Economia Latin American Journal of Economics (2009)



Globalization, Wages, and the Quality of Jobs: Five Country Studies (with Drusilla Brown, Gaëlle Pierre, and Laura Sanchez-Puerta) (2009)

Contributions to Books

Is There a Business Case for Improving Labour Standards? Some Evidence from Better Factories in Cambodia (with Debra Ang, Drusilla Brown, and Rajeev Dehejia), Workers' rights and labor compliance in global supply chains : is a social label the answer? (2014)

Factory Decisions to Become Noncompliant with Labor Standards: Evidence from Better Factories Cambodia (with Drusilla Brown and Rajeev Dehejia), Towards Better Work: Understanding Labour in Apparel Global Value Chains (2013)


Teaching International Trade by Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice, International Handbook of Teaching and Learning Economics (2012)


Better Factories Cambodia – An Instrument for Improving Industrial Relations in a Transnational Context (with Arianna Rossi), Shaping Global Industrial Relations : the Impact of International Framework Agreements (2011)


Mexico: A Liberalization Leader?, The Great Recession and Import Protection: The Role of Temporary Trade Barriers (2011)

Working Papers


Mexican Employment Dynamics: Evidence from Matched Firm-Worker Data (with David S. Kaplan and Gabriel Martínez González), World Bank Policy Research working paper # 4433 (2007)

Using a census of all workers in private establishments in the formal sector in Mexico...



Does Border Enforcement Protect U.S. Workers From Illegal Immigration? (with Gordon Hanson and Antonio Spilimbergo), Center for Comparative Immigration Studies (2001)

In this paper, we examine the impact of enforcement of the U.S.-Mexico border on wages...