Determinants of share price movements in emerging equity markets: some evidence from America's past
Definitive version available at Elsevier.
Emerging equity markets are plagued by poor information, which is a barrier to outside shareholder participation. This paper examines the determinants of share prices of two United States companies over a 14-year period during the late 19th century, when America had an emerging equity market. These two companies withheld all information on profits and assets until the end of the period, yet traded regularly. Overall, the evidence suggests that outside investors received sufficient compensation for their ignorance, and that these outsiders set the market price. An event study shows that when information about company assets was revealed, market returns were significantly changed.
Grossman, Peter Z. “Determinants of Share Price Movements in Emerging Equity Markets: Some Evidence From America’s Past,” The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 40 (3), Fall 2000.