Does stronger patent protection increase export variety? Evidence from U.S. product-level data, Journal of International Business Studies (2015)

Proponents of global intellectual property rights (IPRs) reforms have argued that developing countries' weak IPRs...



The Employment and Wage Impact of Broadband Deployment in Canada (with Matthew Boland), Canadian Journal of Economics (2015)

Hundreds of millions of dollars are spent by the Canadian federal and provincial governments to...



Should Smaller Countries Be More Protectionist? The Diversification Motive for Tariffs (with James Gaisford), Review of International Economics (2014)

This paper examines the diversification motive for tariffs under trade-related uncertainty when there is incomplete...



Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights: Industry Variation and Technology Diffusion, Canadian Journal of Economics (2011)

The WTO inspired strengthening of intellectual property rights (IPRs) in developing countries remains highly controversial...



Do Stronger Patent Rights Raise High-Tech Exports to the Developing World?, Journal of International Economics (2010)

Despite over 20 years of debate, the TRIPs agreement remains very contentious. This paper evaluates...


Working papers


Intellectual Property Protection and the Industrial Composition of Multinational Activity (with Walter Park and Kamal Saggi) (2015)

In a North-South model with endogenous FDI, we examine the impact of Southern IPR protection...



Patent Protection and the Industrial Composition of Multinational Activity: Evidence from U.S. Multinational Firms (with Walter Park and Kamal Saggi) (2015)

Using data on U.S. firms' technology licensing to local agents in developing countries, this paper...


Contributions to Books


Migration, Technology Diffusion and Institutional Development at the Origin (with Alireza Naghavi), Handbook on Migration and Economic Development (2014)

This chapter considers several mechanisms through which international migration can influence institutional development at the...



Modelling Approaches to the Analysis of Trade Policy: Computable General Equilibrium and Gravity Models (with Aaron Strong), Handbook on International Trade Policy (2007)


The Impact of Intellectual Property Rights on Welfare and Trade Flows, Handbook on International Trade Policy (2007)