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Partial industrialisation in tourism: a new model

Neil Leiper, Naresuan University, Bangkok, Thailand
Lloyd Stear, Hotel School, Sydney
Nerilee Hing, School of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Southern Cross University
Tracey Firth, School of Marketing, University of New South Wales

Abstract

Certain forms of human activity, such as sport, education and tourism, can be described as being partly industrialised; they are supported partly by organisations with industrial relationships to the particular activity (e.g. tourism industries, sports industries, and so on), and partly by other factors. The latter includes business organisations whose relationship to the activity might be direct and commercial but is non-strategic, non-industrial. Partial industrialisation in tourism (PIIT) has been explored by a handful of researchers interested in its nature, causes and implications. However, the diagrammatic model used in the exploratory studies is awkward, a defect that probably helps explain why PIIT has not become widely recognised in the community of tourism researchers. A new model enables clearer insight and should facilitate understanding and greater recognition. Using the new model, an empirical research project in a mass destination provided substantial evidence for PIIT. Implications arise for many issues, including how tourism is conceptualised, strategic business management, destination competitiveness, destination development and promotion, seasonality, environmental activism, employment numbers, vocational training, planning and government policy.

Suggested Citation

Leiper, N, Stear, L, Hing, N & Firth, T 2008, 'Partial industrialisation in tourism: a new model', Current Issues in Tourism, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 207-235.

The publisher's version of this article is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13683500802140299