Effects of tenotomy of the tensor tympani muscle on the acoustic reflex
The acoustic reflex (AR) was recorded from 12 healthy mixed-breed dogs. Latency and amplitude were measured from ipsilateral and contralateral AR at stimulus frequencies of 1 and 2 kHz and intensities of 70 to 110 dB sound pressure level for ipsilateral AR and 70 to 120 dB hearing level for contralateral AR. Mean latencies for ipsilateral and contralateral AR were between 33.46 and 206.10 ms and between 45.26 and 180.89 ms, respectively, and amplitudes were between 0.14 and 1.79 cm3 and between 0.31 and 1.86 cm3 of air, respectively. Stimulus frequencies and intensities had significant effects (P less than 0.05) on ipsilateral and contralateral AR latencies and amplitudes. Ipsilateral and contralateral AR decays were determined by measuring compliance change during a 10-s pure-tone stimulation at frequencies of 1 and 2 kHz at an intensity of 10 dB above AR threshold. Reflex decays for 1 kHz and 2 kHz frequencies averaged 5.74% and 9.71%, respectively, for ipsilateral AR and 5.08% and 5.40%, respectively, for contralateral AR. Bilateral tympanograms and brain stem auditory-evoked responses were performed on each dog. Mean normal static compliance of the middle ear, as determined by tympanometry, was 0.15 cm3. Unilateral tenotomy of the tensor tympani muscle was done on 6 of the 12 dogs, and each of the preceding procedures were repeated within 1 week after surgical operation. Transection of the tensor tympani tendon did not alter (P greater than 0.05) the latencies or amplitudes of 1 kHz- or 2 kHz-evoked contralateral AR, the latency or amplitude of 1 kHz-evoked ipsilateral AR, or the amplitude of 2 kHz-evoked ipsilateral AR. However, the latency of 2 kHz-evoked ipsilateral AR was significantly (P less than 0.05) increased. Reflex decay increased significantly (P less than or equal to 0.001) for the contralateral reflex elicited by the 2 kHz stimulus. Neither compliance of the middle ear system nor amplitude and latency of the brain stem auditory-evoked response were affected (P greater than 0.05) by tenotomy. Since tenotomy eliminates participation of the tensor tympani in the AR, these data indicate that contraction of this muscle is not primarily responsible for the compliance changes recorded during an acoustic reflex in dogs.
Michael H. Sims, Joseph P. Weigel, and R E. Moore. "Effects of tenotomy of the tensor tympani muscle on the acoustic reflex" American Journal of Veterinary Research 47.5 (1986): 1022-1035.
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