Eating Patterns in a Free-Living Healthy U. S. Adult Population
The primary objective of this study was to describe eating patterns (e.g., breakfast, lunch, dinner, snacking, number of eating episodes, temporal patterns of eating across the 24-hour day, and the frequency of eating out) in a healthy U.S. population in order to provide a basis for future studies on the association between eating patterns and disease. Twenty-four hour dietary recalls were used to assess eating patterns, and cross-sectional analyses were conducted. Ninety-six percent of subjects usually consumed breakfast, 78% consumed lunch, 95% consumed dinner, and 60% consumed snacks. On average, participants ate 3.92 times daily (standard deviation(SD)=0.8). Caloric intake on weekend days was significantly greater than on weekdays. There was a tendency of participants to eat meals frequently outside of the home.
Yunsheng Ma, Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson, Edward J. Stanek III, George W. Reed, James R. Hebert, Nancy L. Cohen, Barbara C. Olendzki, Milagros C. Rosal, Philip A. Merriam, and Ira S. Ockene. "Eating Patterns in a Free-Living Healthy U. S. Adult Population" Ecology of Food and Nutrition 44.1 (2005).
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/may/76