Predominance and Tissue Specificity of Adenine Methylation in Rice
Using A and C methylation-specific restriction enzymes, namely, MboI, Sau3AI, DpnI, MspI, and HpaII, total rice cv Basmati 370 DNA, repetitive DNAs, and a specific repeat sequence indicated an abundance of adenine methylation. Although cytosine methylation in 5-CCGG-3 sequences suggested more CpC methylation than CpG, the C methylation in sequence 5-GATC-3 was comparatively less than A methylation. Furthermore, the presence of adenine methylation was tissue specific; it was predominant in rice shoot DNA as compared to embryo DNA. This pattern was also observed in two other cultivars of rice, i.e., R-24 and Sona, and was again confirmed using a cloned probe of a specific repeat sequence. Besides the changes in adenine methylation, there was also a qualitative change in 5mC from CpG to CpC dinucleotides in these two tissue systems.
Madhu S. Dhar, V. V. Pethe, V. S. Gupta, and P. K. Ranjekar. "Predominance and Tissue Specificity of Adenine Methylation in Rice" Theoretical and Applied Genetics 80.3 (1990): 402-408.