Is pregnancy a teachable moment for smoking cessation among US Latino expectant fathers? A pilot study
Objective. Pregnancy may be a time when US Latino expectant fathers consider quitting smoking. A ‘teachable moment’ is theorized to increase motivation to change a behavior through increased risk perceptions, emotional responses, and changes in self-image.
Design. We recruited 30 Spanish-speaking expectant fathers through their pregnant partners. We assessed expectant fathers' diet, exercise, and smoking and teachable moment constructs (risk perceptions, emotional responses, and self-image). We also tested correlations between teachable moment constructs and motivation to change behaviors.
Results. Latino expectant fathers had high-risk perceptions that their smoking harmed the pregnancy (M=4.4, SD=0.5 on five-point scale) and strong emotional responses about their smoking during pregnancy (M=3.9, SD=1.1). They also felt it was their role to make the pregnancy healthy (M=4.4, SD=0.8). They felt less strongly that their diet and exercise affected the pregnancy. The teachable moment constructs for smoking were strongly correlated with motivation to quit smoking; the same was not true for diet and exercise.
Conclusions. Latino expectant fathers seem aware that their smoking could harm the pregnancy but seem less concerned about the effect of their diet and exercise on the pregnancy. Pregnancy may be a time to help Latino expectant fathers quit smoking.
Kathryn I. Pollak, Susan Denman, Kristina Coop Gordon, Pauline Lyna, Pilar Rocha, Rebecca N. Brouwer, Laura Fish, and Donald H. Baucom. "Is pregnancy a teachable moment for smoking cessation among US Latino expectant fathers? A pilot study" Ethnicity & Health 15.1 (2010).