Disclosure of HIV status is associated with internalized stigma of HIV/AIDS but not perceived stigma
Stigma is one of the great challenges in the battle against HIV/AIDS. Goffman (1963) defined stigma as “an attribute that is deeply discrediting within a particular social interaction” (p. 3) and conceptualized stigma as arising from three different sources: physical deformity, blemishes of character, and tribal stigma of race, nation, and religion. Perceived stigma of HIV/AIDS (PSHA) is the belief that others in society will devalue and discriminate against them because they have HIV disease. Internalized stigma of HIV/AIDS (ISHA) refers to stigma which a person with HIV/AIDS has incorporated into their self-concept. Stigma may adversely affect many aspects of a person’s life. In particular, stigma may hinder self-disclosure of HIV status, which is necessary to receive needed services and social support.
Kenneth D. Phillips, L. Moneyham, C. Murdaugh, and A. Tavakoli. "Disclosure of HIV status is associated with internalized stigma of HIV/AIDS but not perceived stigma" 21st Annual Meeting of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. Tuscon, AZ. Jan. 2008.
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