Iatrogenesis in the elderly. Nosocomial infections
The elderly are increasingly susceptible to nosocomial infection because of age-related changes and the presence of multiple chronic illness. Epidemics frequently occur in long-term care facilities with upper respiratory infections, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, and antibiotic-resistant bacteria the most common. Other common nosocomial infections are those of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary system, and integumentary system. Infection control programs, systematic surveillance, regular inservice programs on infection control (especially handwashing), and employee and resident health programs can be instituted to decrease the incidence of nosocomial infections.
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