Preliminary study on the use of ultrasonic transmission imaging to evaluate the hip joint in the immature dog
Real-time ultrasonic transmission imaging presents an orthographic image of anatomy similar to that obtained with X-ray fluoroscopy. Transmission imaging allows visualization of the dynamic interaction of muscle, cartilage, bone, tendon and joints during selective palpation and movement. The hip joints of deceased dogs, 7–8 weeks of age, were sonographically evaluated at various levels of dissection and correlated with anatomic features. Wherever possible correlation was made qualitatively with radiographs of the pelvis and coxofemoral joints. Although some features of the hip could be imaged, ultrasonic transmission imaging will require additional research and development before it is proven to be a useful diagnostic adjunct in clinical veterinary medicine.
Joseph P. Weigel, Robert E. Cartee, and Kenneth W. Marich. "Preliminary study on the use of ultrasonic transmission imaging to evaluate the hip joint in the immature dog" Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 9.4 (1983): 371-378.
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