A revision of the Fe-Ni phase diagram at low temperatures (<400 >°C)
The low-temperature Fe-Ni phase diagram was assessed experimentally by investigating Fe-Ni regions of meteorites using high resolution analytical electron microscopy techniques. The present phase diagram differs from the available experimental phase diagram based on observations of meteorite structure, but it is consistent with the available theoretical diagram in that α/Ni3Fe equilibrium was found at low temperatures. The a phase containing 3.6 wt.% Ni is in local equilibrium with the γ′ (Ni3Fe) phase containing 65.5 wt.% Ni, while the γ′' (FeNi) phase is present as a metastable phase. The new phase diagram incorporates a monotectoid reaction (γ1 → α + γ2, where (γ1 is a paramagnetic fcc austenite, a is a bcc ferrite, and γ2 is a ferromagnetic fcc austenite) at about 400 °C, a eutectoid reaction (γ2 → α + γ′) at about 345 °C, and a miscibility gap associated with a spinodal region at low temperatures. The miscibility gap is located between 9.0 and 51.5 wt. % Ni at ∼200 °C. The new low-temperature Fe-Ni phase diagram is consistent with all the phases observed in the metallic regions of meteorites.
C W. Wang, D B. Williams, and Joseph Goldstein. "A revision of the Fe-Ni phase diagram at low temperatures (<400 >°C)" Journal of Phase Equilibria 17.6 (1996): 522-531.