Canine cystine urolithiasis. Cause, detection, treatment, and prevention
Cystine uroliths are a sequela to cystinuria, an inherited renal tubular defect in reabsorption of cystine and some other amino acids. At the Minnesota Urolith Center, 67 breeds of dogs were identified, including English Bulldogs, Dachshunds, Mastiffs, and Newfoundlands. In some dogs, the severity of cystinuria may decline with advancing age. Current recommendations for dissolution of cystine uroliths include various combinations of diet modification, diuresis administration of 2-MPG, and alkalinization of urine.
C.A. Osborne; S.L. Sanderson; J.P. Lulich; Joe Bartges DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVN; L.K. Ulrich; L.A. Koehler; K.A. Bird; and L.L. Swanson. "Canine cystine urolithiasis. Cause, detection, treatment, and prevention" Veterinary Clinic North American Small Animal Practice 29.1 (1999): 193-211.
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