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Heterosis in fingerlings from a diallel cross between two wild strains of silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus)

Jeffrey A. Guy, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Grafton Aquaculture Centre, Grafton, NSW
Dean R. Jerry, James Cook University
Stuart J. Rowland, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Grafton Aquaculture Centre, Grafton, NSW

Abstract

Cross-breeding was investigated as a strategy to improve performance of the Australian native freshwater fish, silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus Mitchell) through the exploitation of heterosis during the fingerling phase of production. Growth, and mid and best parent heterosis of two wild strains, Cataract Dam (C ♂ × C♀) and Murray River (M♂× M♀) and their reciprocal crosses (C♂ × M ♀ and M♂× C ♀) were evaluated in cages and ponds through summer, and in tanks in a re-circulating aquaculture system during winter. The M × C cross grew significantly faster than the reciprocal cross and pure strains in cages and tanks, had the lowest coefficients of variation of weight and length and was 20.9% and 16.0% heavier than mid-parent and best-parent average, respectively, when grown in ponds. Differences in growth between the reciprocal crosses were also evident, with C × M expressing significantly less heterosis in cages and tanks. Faster growth of M × C was attributed to greater appetite; however, at sizes approaching 250 g this feeding vigour diminished. The results of this study suggest that use of the M × C cross has the potential to reduce the length of the culture period and lower costs of silver perch production.

Suggested Citation

Guy, JA, Jerry, DR & Rowland, SJ 2009, 'Heterosis in fingerlings from a diallel cross between two wild strains of silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus)', Aquaculture Research, vol. 40, no. 11, pp. 1291-1300.

The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02227.x