James A. Garfield: 20th President of the United States
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President James A. Garfield served for only 200 days before an assassin’s bullets ended his unlikely rise to power. Garfield was the last “log cabin” president and a life-long Republican, both in the tradition of his predecessor, Ulysses Grant. In his lifetime, he served honorably as educator, general, and politician. His surprising nomination for president in 1880 earned him the nickname of the “Dark Horse” candidate, and his victory in the general election sealed his place in history as a U.S. president. His rise to power and tragic death highlight an important episode of the Gilded Age. Although Garfield’s time as President was cut short, his assassination set the stage for the passage of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883.
José D. Villalobos. "James A. Garfield: 20th President of the United States" Chronology of the U.S. Presidency. Ed. Mathew Manweller. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO/Greenwood Press, 2012. 623-645.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jdvillalobos/16