Canine and Feline Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis is a multifactorial disease with a variable clinical course and outcome. An underlying cause is not commonly identified, but risk factors include breed, age, concurrent endocrine disease, obesity, drugs, and trauma. The clinical signs of the disease range from mild lethargy to severe vomiting, multiple-organ failure, and death. The diagnosis is often challenging and relies on a constellation of history, physical examination, and diagnostic findings. Treatment generally includes supportive care, pain control, nutritional support, and treatment of concurrent diseases. The outcome is variable, and the disease may recur without warning.
Jacqueline C. Whittemore and Vicki L. Campbell. "Canine and Feline Pancreatitis" Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 27.10 (2005): 766-776.
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