Causal Effects of Single-Sex Schools on College Entrance Exams and College Attendance: Random Assignment in Seoul High Schools
  • Hyunjoon Park , University of Pennsylvania
  • Jere R Behrman , University of Pennsylvania
  • Jaesung Choi , University of Pennsylvania
Article
Document Type
Working Paper
Date of this Version
1-25-2012
Comments

Park, Hyunjoon, Jere R. Behrman and Jaesung Choi. 2012. "Causal Effects of Single-Sex Schools on College Entrance Exams and College Attendance: Random Assignment in Seoul High Schools." PSC Working Paper Series, PSC 10-01.

Abstract
Despite the voluminous literature on the potentials of single-sex schools, there is no consensus on the effects of single-sex schools because of student selection of school types. We exploit a unique feature of schooling in Seoul, the random assignment of students into single-sex versus coeducational high schools, to assess causal effects of single-sex schools on college entrance exam scores and college attendance. Our validation of the random assignment shows comparable socioeconomic backgrounds and prior academic achievement of students attending single-sex schools and coeducational schools, which increases the credibility of our causal estimates of single-sex school effects. Attending all-boys schools or all-girls schools rather than attending coeducational schools is significantly associated with higher average scores on Korean and English test scores. Single-sex schools have a higher percentage of graduates who attended four-year colleges and a lower percentage of graduates who attended two-year junior colleges than coeducational schools. The positive effects of single-sex schools remain substantial, even after taking into account various school-level variables such as teacher quality, the student-teacher ratio, the proportion of students receiving lunch support, and whether the schools are public or private.
Keywords
  • Academic achievement,
  • Attendance,
  • Causal effects,
  • Causal inferences,
  • Causation,
  • Coeducational schools,
  • College attendance,
  • College Scholastic Ability Test (CSAT),
  • Consequences,
  • Education,
  • Equalization Policy,
  • Female teachers,
  • Four-year colleges,
  • Gender,
  • High school,
  • Higher education,
  • Korea,
  • Korean government,
  • Korean high schools,
  • Learning,
  • Male teachers,
  • Outcomes,
  • Public education,
  • Public lottery,
  • Random school assignment,
  • Regression analysis,
  • Same-gender teachers,
  • Single-sex public education,
  • Single-sex schools,
  • Teachers,
  • Two-year colleges,
  • United States
Citation Information
Hyunjoon Park, Jere R Behrman and Jaesung Choi. "Causal Effects of Single-Sex Schools on College Entrance Exams and College Attendance: Random Assignment in Seoul High Schools"
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/hyunjoon_park/8/