CONTEXTS MATTER: HOW DO SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES AFFECT CHILDREN’S EDUCATION? In contemporary societies, schools and families are two social institutions that are most relevant for children’s education. However, the ways in which schools and families affect children’s education are contingent upon contexts of institutional arrangements of educational systems, public policy, and demographic changes. My cross-national research using large-scale international data of student achievement such as PISA has shown how educational stratification at the individual and school levels is mediated by national contexts of structural features of educational systems such as differentiation and standardization, and state involvement in family welfare. My recent work examines how schooling environments shape students’ educational outcomes 1) by exploring impacts of homogeneous, standardized Korean education on educational inequality and 2) by investigating potential benefits of single-sex schooling among high school students in Korea. Another contextual factor that has important implications for children’s education and well-being is family change. I am interested in consequences of rapid family changes for children’s well-being in societies which have weak public welfare systems and conservative family norms, and therefore where family changes should have particularly important implications for children.
Cross-National Research: How Contexts Mediate Educational Stratification
Literacy Gaps by Educational Attainment: A Cross-National Analysis (with Pearl Kyei), Social Forces (2010)
Stratification and the Formation of Expectations in Highly Differentiated Educational Systems (with Claudia Buchmann), Research in Social Stratification and Mobility (2009)
Public Policy and the Effect of Sibship Size on Educational Achievement: A Comparative Study of 20 Countries, Social Science Research (2008)
The Varied Educational Effects of Parent-Child Communication: A Comparative Study of Fourteen Countries, Comparative Education Review (2008)
Educational Settings and Inequality in Korea and Other Countries
Causal Effects of Single-Sex Schools on College Entrance Exams and College Attendance: Random Assignment in Seoul High Schools (with Jere R. Behrman and Jaesung Choi), PSC Working Paper Series (2012)