Tacrolimus and cyclosporine A inhibit allostimulatory capacity and cytokine production of human myeloid dendritic cells
Myeloid dendritic cells (DCs) are pivotal in the recognition of alloantigens and, therefore, in the induction of allograft rejection. Induction of alloreactive T cell proliferation by myeloid DCs depends on the maturation of DCs, the expression of costimulatory molecules, and the cytokine environment. This study investigated the effects of tacrolimus and cyclosporine A (CsA) on DC maturation and allostimulatory capacity. Myeloid DCs were propagated from normal blood monocytes with interleukin (IL) 4 and GM-CSF for 7 days in the presence or absence of tacrolimus (FK506; 10 nM) or CsA (1 microg/mL). Exposure of DCs during maturation to tacrolimus or CsA resulted in no significant change in the expression of DC phenotypic markers, including CD80, CD86, and HLA Class I and II antigens determined by flow cytometry. T cell proliferation in one-way, mixed-leukocyte reaction experiments revealed a decreased allostimulatory capacity of DCs that matured in the presence of tacrolimus or CsA compared with untreated controls (P<0.02). Production of inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor alpha (P<0.04) and IL-12 (P<0.04) in response to lipopolysaccharide (1 microg/mL) or staphylococcal enterotoxin B (1 microg/mL) induction was significantly reduced in DCs exposed to tacrolimus or CsA during maturation. In contrast, production of the immuninhibitory cytokine IL-10 was not decreased in tacrolimus- or CsA-treated DCs. These results suggest that tacrolimus and CsA inhibit the allostimulatory capacity of in vitro-generated myeloid DCs without significant effects on DC phenotypic maturation. Decreased production of IL-12 and tumor necrosis factor alpha, but not of IL-10, is likely to contribute to the impaired accessory-cell function of tacrolimus- and CsA-treated DCs. Thus, tacrolimus and CsA can inhibit recognition of alloantigens by decreasing the accessory-cell capacity of monocyte-derived myeloid DCs.
Gyongyi Szabo, C. Gavala, and Pranoti Mandrekar. "Tacrolimus and cyclosporine A inhibit allostimulatory capacity and cytokine production of human myeloid dendritic cells" Journal of investigative medicine : the official publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research 49.5 (2001).
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/gyongyi_szabo/98