Employing Critical Reflection in an Online Emergency Services Course
Non-traditional students in an online introductory course in Homeland Security used the DEAL model of critical reflection to describe (a) what they learned, (b) how they learned it, (c)why it matters, and (d) what they will do with what they learned. Online discussion of readings proved to be the most effective learning technique used in the course because it incorporated reflective practices and allowed application of real-life experiences.
Maxfield, R. Jeffery and Fisher, John. "Employing Critical Reflection in an Online Emergency Services Course" 5th Annual Homeland Defense/Homeland Security Summit March 2011 at University of Maryland University College. University of Maryland College Park. Mar. 2011. Available at: http://works.bepress.com/dr_r_jeffery_maxfield/5