Impact of Iron Encapsulation Within the Interior Aqueous Phase of Water-in-Oil-in-Water Emulsions on Lipid Oxidation
Iron (Fe3+) was encapsulated within the internal aqueous phase of water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) emulsions, and then the impact of this iron on the oxidative stability of fish oil droplets was examined. There was no significant change in lipid droplet diameter in the W/O/W emulsions during 7 days storage, suggesting that the emulsions were stable to lipid droplet flocculation and coalescence, and internal water diffusion/expulsion. The initial iron encapsulation (4 mg/100 g emulsion) within the internal aqueous phase of the water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions was high (>99.75%), although, a small amount leaked out over 7 days storage (≈10 μg/100 g emulsion). When W/O/W emulsions were mixed with fish oil droplets the thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) formed decreased (compared to fish oil droplets alone) by an amount that depended on iron concentration and location, i.e., no added iron < iron in external aqueous phase < iron in internal aqueous phase. These differences were attributed to the impact of W/O droplets on the concentration and location of iron and lipid oxidation reaction products within the system.
Seung Jun Choi, Eric A. Decker, and D. Julian McClements. "Impact of Iron Encapsulation Within the Interior Aqueous Phase of Water-in-Oil-in-Water Emulsions on Lipid Oxidation" Food Chemistry 116.1 (2009): 271-276.