Ultrastructure of the spermatozoa from a Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris).
Semen was opportunistically collected from a free-ranging, 10-year-old, 275 cm (total length) Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) during rehabilitation treatments. Ultrastructure of the spermatozoa was examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopy and differed slightly from that described for other mammals. Comparisons to the manatee's closest phylogenetic relatives, the elephant and hyrax, were made. The manatee spermatozoa had a similar acrosome but a distinct annulus and lacked the dense bodies observed in the neck of the elephant spermatozoa. Additionally, manatee spermatozoa lacked the lateral vacuoles observed in the nuclear chromatin from of the hyrax spermatozoa. These data add to our understanding of manatees and allow for comparative studies with other species that may be useful in phylogenetic and reproductive studies.
Debra L. Miller, M. M. Dougherty, S. J. Decker, and G. D. Bossart. "Ultrastructure of the spermatozoa from a Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris)." Anatomia Histologia Embryologia 30.4 (2001): 253-256.