Cross-racial lineup identification: The potential benefits of context reinstatement
The current research examined the potential benefit of context reinstatement on the cross-race effect in lineup identification. Participants viewed a series of own- and other-race faces and subsequently attempted identification of these faces from target-present and target-absent lineups. The traditional cross-race effect was found on measures of discrimination accuracy and response bias; however, discrimination accuracy across own- and other-race faces was shown to interact with context reinstatement such that only own-race faces benefited from the provision of contextual information. This finding is discussed in light of encoding-based theories of the cross-race effect, and with regard to the theoretical and practical limitations of mitigating the phenomenon at the time of identification.
Jacqueline R. Evans, Jessica L. Marcon, and Christian A. Meissner. "Cross-racial lineup identification: The potential benefits of context reinstatement" Psychology, Crime, & Law 15.1 (2009): 19-28.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/christian_meissner/38