My research and teaching span information retrieval, human-computer interaction,
information seeking and use, scholarly communication, and bibliometrics. Since the latter
1990s, these themes have converged in the study of data and data practices, exploring how
observations, models, artifacts, and software become data; how these practices vary by
individual and by discipline; and how these findings can be employed in the design of
data collection, data management, data archiving, and science policy. 

Publications remain the currency of scholarship, despite substantial evolution in form
and function over a period of centuries. In the latter 20th century, data began to be
viewed as scholarly products in their own right. Factors contributing to the value of
research data include the transition from print to electronic publishing, the ability to
acquire and analyze large volumes of digital content in the sciences and humanities
alike, and policies that promote openness and transparency. 

On the surface, open access to data appears to offer vast benefits for research,
education, and innovation by leveraging public investments in research. Public policy
documents suggest that releasing data is an easy task to be accomplished at the time of
publishing articles or books, and that research data are yet another genre to be absorbed
by libraries and archives. Underlying these simple claims is a morass of theoretical,
social, policy, and practical problems. This morass has proven to be fertile ground for
research in information studies. 

How to use this site: 

This site contains entries for most of my publications, presentations, and course
syllabi. As governed by copyright agreements, entries may include final published
versions, submitted versions, working documents, slides, abstracts, and metadata. Links
to sources and to video recordings of presentations also are provided. 

As most of my works cover multiple topics, the elaborate subject classification has been
abandoned in favor of listing entries by format in reverse chronological order. Each
entry has subject categories and topical tags (data, scholarly communication, information
retrieval, bibliometrics, sensor networks, astronomy, humanities, and so on) that are
searchable in the box at the bottom right of the page. Other links at the right lead to
my UCLA homepage, research group, blog, Twitter feed, and email. 

The site is updated regularly with new publications, presentations, and other works.
Please subscribe to my mailing list for updates. 



Big Data, Little Data, No Data: Scholarship in the Networked World (2015)

“Big Data” offers today’s scholars vast opportunities for discovery and insight, but having the right...



Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet (2007)

Scholars in all fields now have access to an unprecedented wealth of online information, tools,...



Signposts in Cyberspace: The Domain Name System and Internet Navigation (with Roger Levien, Robert S. Austein, Timothy Casey, Hugh Dubberly, Patrik Falstrom, Per-Kristian Halvorsen, Marylee Jenkins, John C. Klensin, Milton L. Mueller, Sharon Nelson, Craig Partridge, William Raduchel, and Hal R. Varian) (2005)

The Domain Name System (DNS) enables user-friendly alphanumeric names domain names to be assigned to...



From Gutenberg to the Global Information Infrastructure: Access to Information in the Networked World (2000)

Will the emerging global information infrastructure (GII) create a revolution in communication equivalent to that...


Articles, Papers, Posters, Reports, Book Chapters


The Ups and Downs of Knowledge Infrastructures in Science: Implications for Data Management (with Peter T. Darch, Ashley E. Sands, Jillian C. Wallis, and Sharon Traweek), Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, 2014 (DL2014) (2014)

The promise of technology-enabled, data-intensive scholarship is predicated upon access to knowledge infrastructures that are...



10 Simple Rules for the Care and Feeding of Scientific Data (with Alyssa Goodman, Alberto Pepe, Alexander W. Blocker, Kyle Cranmer, Merce Crosas, Rosanne Di Stephano, Yolanda Gil, Paul Groth, Margaret Hedstrom, David W. Hogg, Vinay Kashyap, Ashish Mahabal, Aneta Siemiginowska, and Aleksandra Slavkovic), Data (2014)

This article offers a short guide to the steps scientists can take to ensure that...



Ship Space to Database: Scientific and Social Motivations for a Database to Support Deep Subseafloor Biosphere Research (with Peter Darch), Proceedings of the 77th American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T) Annual Meeting 2014, Seattle, WA (2014)

What motivates the building of databases by scientific collaborations? In this paper, we argue that...


Presentations and Videos

Big Data, Little Data, Open Data, and No Data, Honorary Schneider Colloquia Series (2015)

Big data begets the biggest attention, but having the right data is usually better than...


Why are data sharing and reuse so difficult to do?, Stanford Data Day (2015)

Journal articles are not simply containers for data nor are data readily definable objects. Inside...


Creating, Collaborating, and Celebrating the Diversity of Research Data, iConference 2015 (2015)

Research data can be viewed as scholarly products to be shared, mined, and curated –...


Data, Scholarship, and Disciplinary Practice, Big Data 
in a Transdisciplinary Perspective, 7th Herrenhausen Conference of the Volkswagen Foundation (2015)

Scholarly practices associated with research data vary widely across disciplines, domains, and cultures. In contemporary...


Big Data, Little Data, Open Data, and Libraries, Inaugural Göttingen Lecture on Library Futures (2015)

The enthusiasm for big data is obscuring the complexity and diversity of data in scholarship...




Syllabus for Data Management and Practice, Part I, Winter 2015 (2015)

Data are both process and products of the research enterprise. Increasingly, data are viewed as...



Data, Data Practices, and Data Curation, Part II (2014)

In today’s technology-intensive research environments, petabytes of data may be produced in a matter of...



Data, Data Practices, and Data Curation, Part I (2014)

In today’s technology-intensive research environments, petabytes of data may be produced in a matter of...



PhD Seminar on Research Methods and Design (2014)

This is the core course in social science research methods and research design for PhD...


Contributions to Books

New Models of Privacy for the University (with Kent Wada and James F. Davis), Visions of Privacy in the Modern Age (2015)

Data Citation: Principles and Practice (with J. Brase, Y. Socha, S. Callaghan, Paul F. Uhlir, and B. Carroll), Research Data Management: Practical Strategies for Information Professionals (2014)


New Models of Privacy for the University (with Kent Wada and Jim F. Davis), Visions of Privacy in the Modern Age (2014)


Preface, Evaluating and Measuring the Value, Use and Impact of Digital Collections (2012)



Follow the Data: How astronomers use and reuse data (poster) (with Ashley Sands, Laura Wynholds, and Sharon Traweek) (2012)

We analyze the people and infrastructure involved in the building, sustaining, and curation of large...



Taking the measure of metrics: Interviews with four ASIS&T members (2012)

A series of interviews with four ASIS&T members, all outstanding scholars in metric-related research, provides...



IDRE Proposal: UCLA Data Registry System (with Todd Grappone, Gary Strong, Jeffrey Goldman, and Jillian Wallis) (2011)


CENSDC: Adding Context to Content (with Matthew Mayernik, Jillian C. Wallis, and Alberto Pepe), Center for Embedded Network Sensing (2007)

Scientists and engineers working with embedded networked sensing systems in the environmental sciences are acquiring...