Nutritional screening in community dwelling older adults
Aims and objectives. The purpose of this study was to test whether a combination of validated tools, one for each of five leading nutritional risk factors, could predict unintentional weight loss in community dwelling older adults.
Background. Non-invasive, easily administered nutritional screening tools for community dwelling older adults are few and those that are available are problematic.
Method. Convenience samples of 115 adults ≥65 were interviewed. Height, weight and measures of the five nutritional risk factors were collected at interviews 6 months apart.
Design. Repeated measures.
Results. 91 subjects completing T2 were largely white (95.6%), female (69%), well educated and in good health. Multiple regression was conducted with unintentional weight loss as the dependent variable and depression (the GDS-SF), the Lubben Social Networking Scale, food security, food intake and Independent Activities of Daily Living as the predictor variables. The regression model was statistically significant (F (5, 85) = 0.30852, P = 0.003) with an adjusted r2 of 0.137.
Conclusions. Five validated tools can be administered by nurses or non-professionals to screen for nutritional risk factors leading to unintentional weight loss.
Implications for practice. Early screening has the potential to identify either nutritional risk or nutritional decline in older adults.
Bonnie Callen. "Nutritional screening in community dwelling older adults" International Journal of Older People Nursing 6.4 (2011): 272-281.