Mouse egg integrin alpha 6 beta 1 functions as a sperm receptor
Binding between sperm and egg plasma membranes is an essential step in fertilization. Whereas fertilin, a mammalian sperm surface protein, is involved in this crucial interaction, sperm receptors on the egg plasma membrane have not been identified. Because fertilin contains a predicted integrin ligand domain, we investigated the expression and function of integrin subunits in unfertilized mouse eggs. Polymerase chain reactions detected mRNAs for alpha 5, alpha 6, alpha v, beta 1, beta 3, and beta 5. Immunofluorescence revealed alpha 6 beta 1 and alpha v beta 3 on the plasma membrane. GoH3, a function-blocking anti-alpha 6 monoclonal antibody, abolished sperm binding, but a nonfunction-blocking anti-alpha 6 monoclonal antibody, a function-blocking anti-alpha v beta 3 polyclonal antibody, and an RGD peptide had no effect. Somatic cells bound sperm avidly, but only if they expressed alpha 6 beta 1. A peptide analog of the fertilin integrin ligand domain inhibited sperm binding to eggs and alpha 6 beta 1+ cells and diminished GoH3 staining of eggs. Our results indicate a novel role for the integrin alpha 6 beta 1 as a cell-cell adhesion receptor that mediates sperm-egg binding.
Eduardo A. C. Almeida, A. P.J. Huovila, A. E. Sutherland, L. E. Stephens, P. G. Calarco, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio, A. Sonnenberg, P. Primakoff, D. G. Myles, and J. M. White. "Mouse egg integrin alpha 6 beta 1 functions as a sperm receptor" Cell 81.7 (1995).
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/arthur_mercurio/95