A polymerase chain reaction/ligase detection reaction fluorescent microsphere assay to determine Plasmodium falciparum MSP-119 haplotypes
The merozoite surface protein-1 (MSP-1) is a blood stage antigen currently being tested as a vaccine against Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Determining the MSP-1(19) haplotype(s) present during infection is essential for assessments of MSP-1 vaccine efficacy and studies of protective immunity in human populations. The C-terminal fragment (MSP-1(19)) has four predominant haplotypes based on point mutations resulting in non-synonymous amino acid changes: E-TSR (PNG-MAD20 type), E-KNG (Uganda-PA type), Q-KNG (Wellcome type), and Q-TSR (Indo type). Current techniques using direct DNA sequencing are laborious and expensive. We present an MSP-1(19) allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/ligase detection reaction-fluorescent microsphere assay (LDR-FMA) that allows simultaneous detection of the four predominant MSP-1(19) haplotypes with a sensitivity and specificity comparable with other molecular methods and a semi-quantitative determination of haplotype contribution in mixed infections. Application of this method is an inexpensive, accurate, and high-throughput alternative to distinguish the predominant MSP-1(19) haplotypes in epidemiologic studies.
Arlene E. Dent, Christopher T. Yohn, Peter A. Zimmerman, John M. Vulule, James W. Kazura, and Ann M. Moormann. "A polymerase chain reaction/ligase detection reaction fluorescent microsphere assay to determine Plasmodium falciparum MSP-119 haplotypes" The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 77.2 (2007).
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ann_moormann/28