From artifacts to aggregations: Modeling scientific life cycles on the semantic web
Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology (2010)
  • Alberto Pepe , University of California - Los Angeles
  • Matthew Mayernik , University of California - Los Angeles
  • Christine L Borgman , University of California, Los Angeles
  • Herbert van de Sompel
Article
Abstract

In the process of scientific research, many information objects are generated, all of which may remain valuable indefinitely. However, artifacts such as instrument data and associated calibration information may have little value in isolation; their meaning is derived from their relationships to each other. Individual artifacts are best represented as components of a life cycle that is specific to a scientific research domain or project. Current cataloging practices do not describe objects at a sufficient level of granularity nor do they offer the globally persistent identifiers necessary to discover and manage scholarly products with World Wide Web standards. The Open Archives Initiative’s Object Reuse and Exchange data model (OAI-ORE) meets these requirements. We demonstrate a conceptual implementation of OAI-ORE to represent the scientific life cycles of embedded networked sensor applications in seismology and environmental sciences. By establishing relationships between publications, data, and contextual research information, we illustrate how to obtain a richer and more realistic view of scientific practices. That view can facil- itate new forms of scientific research and learning. Our analysis is framed by studies of scientific practices in a large, multidisciplinary, multi-university science and engineering research center, the Center for Embedded Networked Sensing.

Keywords
  • open access,
  • information retrieval,
  • open archives initiative,
  • CENS,
  • data,
  • object reuse and exchange,
  • discovery
Publication Date
Winter 2010
Citation Information
Alberto Pepe, Matthew Mayernik, Christine L. Borgman, and Herbert van de Sompel. "From artifacts to aggregations: Modeling scientific life cycles on the semantic web" Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology (2010). Penultimate version is available at: arxiv.org/pdf/0906.2549