Broadly, my interests are in the fields of trade, labour and development. My
research interests include growth spillovers, gravity models of trade, the interactions
between skilled and unskilled labour, skill biased technical change in developing
countries and labour demand. 

Articles

Link

Exports and International Logistics (with Phil Manners and Ben Nelson), Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics (2013)

Do better international logistics reduce trade costs, raising a developing country's exports? Yes, but the...

 

Link

Labor Market Reforms to Boost Employment and Productivity in the GCC, Annual Meeting of Ministers of Finance and Central Bank Governors (2013)

The report recommends a series of measures to raise private sector employment for nationals: •...

 

Link

The impact of North‐South and South‐South trade agreements on bilateral trade (with Laia Cirera i Crivillé), Review of International Economics (2013)

Free trade agreements (FTAs) lead to a rise in bilateral trade even if the signatories...

 

Link

Trade Flows, Multilateral Resistance and Firm Heterogeneity (with Ben Nelson), Review of Economics and Statistics (2013)

We present a gravity model that accounts for multilateral resistance, firm heterogeneity and country selection...

 

Link

A Template for Analyzing and Projecting Labor Market Indicators, IMF Technical Notes and Manuals (2012)

This note is a reference guide for the unemployment template, an econometric tool that allows...

 

Books

Link

Are Skilled and Unskilled Labour Complements or Substitutes?: Skill Supply, Cheap Capital, and Unskilled Labour Demand, Are Skilled and Unskilled Labour Complements or Substitutes?: Skill Supply, Cheap Capital, and Unskilled Labour Demand (2008)

Would more skilled labour lower demand for those who remain unskilled? Could cheaper capital decrease...

 

Book chapters

Link

International Linkages and Spillovers for MENAP and CCA, Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia, November 2013 (2013)

MENAP and CCA economies’ international linkages have been strengthening during the past decade; yet both...

 

Link

MENAP Oil Exporters: Heightened Risks to Oil and Fiscal Positions, Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia, November 2013 (2013)

Lower global demand and domestic oil supply disruptions are set to reduce growth in MENAP...

 

Link

Middle East and North Africa Oil Exporters: Increase Resilience and Create Private-Sector Jobs, Middle East and Central Asia Regional Economic Outlook (2012)

The region's oil-exporting countries have been able to use the proceeds from booming oil prices...

 

PDF

Transport Costs and International Trade (with Anthony J. Venables), Handbook of Transport Economics (2010)

The first issue we study is the impact of transport costs on the volume and...

 

Press or briefs

PDF

SOUTH AFRICA: Medium-term Budget signals no shift left, Oxford Analytica Daily Brief (2009)

The increased deficit projection is largely due to lower-than-anticipated tax revenues, rather than a deliberate...

 

PDF

AFRICA: Does Africa trade too little?, Oxford Analytica Daily Brief (2008)

Once distance to markets and especially GDP are accounted for, the typical African country does...

 

PDF

AFRICA: Transit needs more than infrastructure boost, Oxford Analytica Daily Brief (2008)

Many organisations are making money and skills available for transport infratsructure projects. Indications are that...

 

PDF

SOUTH AFRICA: State considers 'Harvard Group' policies, Oxford Analytica Daily Brief (2008)

The diagnostics approach has infiltrated the thinking of government officials and development practitioners, but the...

 

Unpublished papers

Link

Does Public-Sector Employment Fully Crowd Out Private-Sector Employment?, IMF Working Paper Series (2013)

We quantify the extent to which public-sector employment crowds out private-sector employment using specially assembled...

 

Link

Does the Nigerian formal sector pay more than its informal sector?, CSAE Working Paper Series (2013)

Nigerian data from the early 2000s indicates that formal sector earnings are about 70% higher...

 

Link

The endogenous skill bias of technical change in developing countries (2013)

This paper draws on existing empirical literature and an original theoretical model to argue that...

 

PDF

Factory Europe? Brainier but not brawnier (with Caroline Freund) (2011)

Abstract: While intermediates comprise the majority of total goods trade in the EU, their share...

 

Link

How integrated is SADC ? trends in intra-regional and extra-regional trade flows and policy, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series (2011)

Do Southern African Development Community countries trade enough with each other and with the rest...