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Health Locus of Control and Depression in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Dynamic Perspective

Jamie A. Cvengros
Alan J. Christensen, University of Iowa
William J. Lawton

Abstract

Participants in the present study were 207 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who completed internal HLOC and depression measures at baseline and at an approximately 16-month follow-up period. Regression results indicated that after controlling for baseline level of depression, baseline internal HLOC was not a significant predictor of depression at follow-up. However, increases in internal HLOC over the 16-month follow-up were predictive of depression at follow-up. Furthermore, this relationship was qualified by an interaction between change in internal HLOC and disease progression. These results suggest that changes in internal HLOC over time may be a particularly important determinant of adjustment for individuals whose chronic illness progresses or becomes life threatening.

Suggested Citation

Jamie A. Cvengros, Alan J. Christensen, and William J. Lawton. "Health Locus of Control and Depression in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Dynamic Perspective" Journal of Health Psychology 10.5 (2005): 677-686.