To Make the Four Hundred Million Move: The Late Qing Dynasty Origins of Modern Chinese Sport and Physical Culture
Cambridge University Press. Copyright © 2000 Society for Comparative Study of Society and History. Also available online at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?aid=59069.
There is little doubt that, after a century's exposure, Chinese have absorbed and understand quite clearly the greater meanings of the realm of sport-the connections between competitive athletic endeavor, imperialist bluster, and economic standing in the world community. This article is an exploration of the late Qing Dynasty origins of this modern global culture of physical culture and sport.
Andrew D. Morris. "To Make the Four Hundred Million Move: The Late Qing Dynasty Origins of Modern Chinese Sport and Physical Culture" Comparative Studies in Society and History 42.4 (2000): 876-906.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/admorris/3